Category Archives: Health & fitness

Health & fitness

The Horrifying Reason 1 Model Got a Staph Infection From a Beauty Product

After we heard the terrifying tale of Jo Gilchrist, the woman who was paralyzed by a dirty makeup brush, we’ve been much more rigorous when it comes to our tools’ hygiene. But disturbingly enough, it seems that story didn’t scare enough professional makeup artists into keeping their products clean.

Australian model Anthea Page took to her Instagram feed to announce that she had contracted a deadly staph infection from a dirty brush and is now on medication. “Even though I had observed unhygienic practices and confronted the qualified artists, I still ended up taking home a nasty eye infection from fashion weekend,” she said. “I do feel my safety concerns were dismissed as if it was part of my job to put up with these unhealthy conditions.”

She made it clear that she was not simply trying to critique the artists who worked with her, but trying to raise awareness of the importance of cleanliness. “This is not my first time receiving an ailment from a dirty makeup brush,” Page noted, “and unfortunately in my line of work, I doubt it will be the last.” She urged her followers to take the proper precautions so they stay safe and healthy.

To avoid this situation yourself, make sure you always use clean products. Ask sales associates to disinfect any testers you use with rubbing alcohol, and always wash your brushes. It may be a pesky task, but it’s worth slogging through it in order to dodge the potential risks.

Source: The Horrifying Reason 1 Model Got a Staph Infection From a Beauty Product

What To Eat Before, During And After Running 

By Lauren Leicht

Even if you only jog the occasional few miles, you’ve likely heard about marathoners carb-loading before a race or long run. But pasta isn’t the only food that can help you run well, and it’s not just endurance athletes who benefit from proper fueling. What you eat before, during, and after your runs is crucial to helping you feel good, pick up your pace and recover quickly.

“Nutrition throughout the entire day, weeks, and months has an impact on all your workouts,” explains Kyle Pfaffenback, PhD, assistant professor of nutrition and exercise physiology at Eastern Oregon University and a nutrition consultant for the Brooks Beast Track Club. “Thinking about it as an aspect of training will help optimize all your runs and allow your muscles to recover and adapt, too.” This is how to eat and drink like a serious runner.

 

What to eat before your run

If you’re running an easy-paced 3 to 4 miles (or less): Skip a pre-run meal. “If it’s just a few miles, you don’t need to eat before,” says Vishal Patel, chief sports nutritionist at Nuun, who has worked with elite athletes such as Kara Goucher. There will be enough glycogen (the body’s most readily accessible form of energy) in your muscles to power you through. Drink 8 ounces of water or a low-calorie sports drink before you head out, though, especially if you’re running first thing in the a.m. (because you wake up dehydrated).

Before a run more than 4 miles long or any speed work: Eat 50 to 60 grams of complex carbs, like oatmeal and a banana. “This tops off glycogen stores,” says Pfaffenbach. Eat 1 1/2 to 2 hours prior to give your body time to digest and soak up the nutrients.

For a tough tempo workout or sprint intervals: Have a carb-rich meal the night before. Stick to a supper that has pasta, rice, or quinoa (balanced with protein and veggies) before any key-workout day to up glycogen stores, which is important for high-intensity performances at all distances, says Pfaffenbach.

 

What to eat and drink during your run

If you’re running for less than an hour: Water is sufficient, unless it’s especially hot or humid.

For runs an hour long or more: Once your runs get around the 60-minute mark, sip a low-calorie electrolyte-based drink (think G2 or Nuun); the added electrolytes can increase muscle function. Electrolytes (namely, sodium and potassium) help muscles retain fluids, receive oxygen and function properly, says Patel. “Getting them in fluids, rather than in a solid snack, helps deliver the electrolytes to your muscles faster,” he says.

When you’re going for 90 minutes or longer: Eat about 20 grams of carbs every 25 to 30 minutes. Muscles store enough glycogen to fuel about an hour-long run. After that, you’ll need 30 to 60 grams of carbs an hour—from sports drinks, gels, or chews—to maintain your intensity. “Eat early and often for a regular flow of nutrients,” says Pfaffenbach. Your brain realizes you’re low on fuel before your muscles do and will start to slow you down as a precaution. During runs 90 minutes or more, sports drinks with carbs and electrolytes can help you maintain pace and delay fatigue. Choose ones with a concentration of 3 to 4 grams per 100 milliliters); higher amounts may cause GI issues. (Gatorade, for instance, is about 6 percent carbs; try watering it down to sidestep an upset stomach.)

Towards the end of your race: Swish a sports drink around in your mouth, then spit it out: Just rinsing with the sugary drink can trick your brain into recruiting more muscles (especially when they’re depleted) and enhance your performance, according to recent research inMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. No tummy pain, all gain.

 

What to eat after your run

Once you’ve logged the miles, have a bite within an hour to reap the most rewards. “When you’re running, you’re breaking down and stressing your muscles; the time when you get stronger is during the recovery period,” explains Patel. Reach for a meal with a 3-to-1 ratio of carbs to protein. Why? Carbs are more important, as they replenish the glycogen stores (i.e., the go-to energy source) in your muscles. Already know the power of chugging chocolate milk post-workout? Other options with the right ratio: a banana or apple with peanut butter, a berry and a banana smoothie with a scoop of protein powder or an oat bar with an almond, hazelnut, or peanut butter center like Clif Nut Butter Filler Energy Bar ($17 for 12-pack; amazon.com).

Source: What To Eat Before, During And After Running 

The Shocking History of Arsenic-Laced Wallpaper 

Photo: Courtesy of Thames & Hudson

When we think of arsenic today, it’s pretty much synonymous with poison. But in the 19th century, as much as its lethal qualities captivated the public imagination, the substance became more and more common in everyday life. Newspapers sensationalized murder trials of wives who supposedly killed their husbands with “inheritance powder,” while the average Victorian home often contained medicines, makeup, aphrodisiacs, clothing, children’s toys, and wallpaper laced with the very same chemical. So how, exactly, could a health hazard this serious remain so prevalent?

Jules Desfossé, Paris, France, 1879
Jules Desfossé, Paris, France, 1879
Photo: Courtesy of Thames & Hudson

A fascinating new book, written by Lucinda Hawksley, examines this very question—but with an emphasis on one particular item: wallpaper. In the early to mid-19th century, many European countries produced wallpaper laced with arsenic. However, while Sweden, Bavaria, and others were relatively quick to recognize the problem and ban such products—England was not. And Britain was, incidentally, wallpaper Mecca in the mid-to-late part of the century. Its design prowess led to a correlating boom in demand, with a 2,615 percent increase in the production of wallpaper rolls alone from 1834 to 1874. As word started to spread about the products’ hazards, many erroneously believed that design items somehow differed from purposely toxic arsenic items, or that the issue was limited to the popular and newly created synthetic color known today as “emerald green.”

Corbière, Son & Brindle, London, UK, 1879
Corbière, Son & Brindle, London, UK, 1879
Photo: Courtesy of Thames & Hudson

One of these skeptics was William Morris, the arts and crafts design stalwart and champion of worker rights and safety provisions. Morris, who designed some of the most iconic wallpapers of the era (that were also arsenic-laced), ironically inherited his fortune from an arsenic mine in which he still held stock for a number of years. By the 1870s, the Morris family’s Devon Great Consols mine was one of a few mines reportedly producing over half the world’s supply of arsenic. And while Morris did ultimately divest his interests in the company, questions on his apparent hypocrisy—and why he never actually visited these notoriously bad workplaces—continue to linger.

Yellow. William Cooke, Leeds, UK, 1880
Yellow. William Cooke, Leeds, UK, 1888
Photo: Courtesy of Thames & Hudson

But perhaps the ultimate answer as to why arsenic-laced wallpaper continued to proliferate the market for so long lies, like so many consumer product scandals, in their undeniable aesthetic appeal. Above, we’ve featured threea of the most beautiful wallpaper samples included in this new book. (The publication’s title, Bitten by Witch Fever,is an expression Morris used to describe what he viewed as people’s unfounded fears about the chemical.) These swatches—and the complete set of 275 designs included in the book—have tested positive in the U.K.’s The National Archives’s labs for arsenic content. Dangerously beautiful yes, but with an allure that stands the test of time—and should serve as an enduring warning for all.

 

 

Source: The Shocking History of Arsenic-Laced Wallpaper 

Yes, The Change In Seasons Really Does Affect Your Mood

JOSE ANTONIO SANCHEZ REYES VIA GETTY IMAGES

 

If you find yourself feeling a little less cheerful than you were during spring’s transformation into summer, rest assured it’s not your imagination: There is a science-backed reason you’re more likely to feel down in the cooler months.

“It’s real,” Kathryn A. Roecklein, an associate professor in the department of psychology at University of Pittsburgh, told The Huffington Post.

The changes don’t necessarily affect everyone the same way, Roecklein added. But seasonal mood shifts often include less energy, feeling less social, losing interest in favorite activities, having cravings for carbs and changes in sleep ― either having trouble sleeping or wanting to sleep more than usual.

Scientists know there are a lot of biological and physiological reasons our moods tend to change with the season, Roecklein said. But a big factor in those seasonal mood swings is light.

“The scientific evidence says that length of day, which is shorter in the winter and longest in the summer, is the main seasonal variable that affects mood,” she said.

And since those sunsets are well on their way to getting earlier and earlier as soon as fall begins, it’s not unusual if you start to feel those mood shifts around the same time.

Your body knows when the sun is hiding

It’s your body’s circadian clock that monitors changes in day length, Roecklein explained. The circadian clock is the body’s internal time-keeper; it tells us when to feel sleepy and when to wake up, and plays a big role in a lot of other systems in our body, like hormone release, temperature regulation, metabolism and mood.

So when there’s less light during the day, some of those processes affected by the circadian clock, including ones that influence our mood, get disrupted. One study showed that individuals actually produce less serotonin ― one of the hormones that helps regulate mood and contributes to our feelings of wellbeing and happiness ― in the winter months, and more when there was more sunlight.

It’s a biological response to changing light levels ― NOT something we can overcome with sheer willpower alone.Kathryn A. Roecklein, associate professor in the department of psychology at University of Pittsburgh

Other research shows changing light-dark cycles affect body temperature, how long it takes us to fall asleep, and how much we produce of melatonin, the hormone that triggers sleep. It also affects the production of stress hormones.

One key point to remember about the so-called “winter blues,” Roecklein said, is that “it’s a biological response to changing light levels ― NOT something we can overcome with sheer willpower alone.”

These cold weather pick-me-ups really work

If your symptoms aren’t that severe, your fall and winter don’t need to be downers. Here are a few things you can do.

1. Let the sunshine in.

Light ― or more specifically, the lack of it ― is part of what contributes to your low mood in the first place, Roecklin said. So doing things like opening the blinds and taking a walk outside in the sun in the morning can definitely lift your spirits.

2. Get moving.

Exercise (even just one workout) has been shown to be a big mood enhancer and stress buster. There are decades of research in people with depression that confirms a little sweat is a good idea, Roecklein said.

3. Eat right.

It’s raining. It’s cold. And you haven’t even dug that heavy sweater out of the back of your closet yet. While a batch of warm brownies may sound comforting, simple carbs and sugars can spike your blood sugar levels in your brain and then send them crashing down, with your mood tagging along for the ride.

Instead, focusing on fruits, vegetables, omega-3-rich foods, proteins and complex carbohydrates ― and drinking plenty of water ― can help keep energy and moodconsistently up.

4. Make time for your friends.

There’s a reason a good chat with your bestie makes your day. Research showsspending time with your friends helps relieve stress, make you feel a sense of belong and improve well-being.

Spending time being social and engaging in hobbies and other activities you enjoy is a proven method to lift your mood, Roecklein said. It’s recommended for people battling depression.

How to tell when it’s more than a mood shift

All of us are susceptible to the mood-changing effects of seasonal shifts, but estimates suggest that about four to six percent of people have symptoms severe enough to warrant a clinical diagnosis of depression ― seasonal affective disorder, or SAD.

“It’s is a well-defined clinical diagnosis that’s related to the shortening of daylight hours,” Matthew Rudorfer a research psychiatrist and psychopharmacologist at the National Institute of Mental Health, said in an agency blog post. “It interferes with daily functioning over a significant period of time.”

And the condition should be diagnosed and treated. Three treatments have been proven to be effective for treating SAD: bright light therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and antidepressant medications.

A psychologist can help determine if symptoms require treatment, but signs that you’re experiencing more than the typical “winter blues” are the same as the common symptoms of major depression: if you are not able to keep up with work, family and your regular behaviors or if you think treatment would help.

Source: Yes, The Change In Seasons Really Does Affect Your Mood

What Your Body Type Can Reveal About Your Health 

If you’re like most Americans, you may be carrying extra weight; fully two-thirds of us do. Where you pack on the extra pounds depends on factors like heredity and lifestyle – and the location of that weight may have a serious affect on your health.

What Shape Are You?

Some of us – the pears – carry fat in the hips and thighs, while others – the apples – will put on weight in our upper bodies, particularly around the waist or belly. Men are more likely to be apples, sporting that “spare tire” or “beer belly,” while women often are pears, putting on weight in the hips, thighs and buttocks. Then there’s the contingent who gains excess weight evenly on their frames. In women, this is what we call the classic hourglass shape; for men, we use the more masculine “rectangle” as a description.

Why Does Shape Matter?

It’s important to know which body type you are, because your health risks vary accordingly. A quick look in the mirror should tell you whether you’re an apple or a pear, but if you’re not sure, you can ask your doctor next time you have a physical.

Michael Jensen, M.D., an endocrinologist with the Mayo Clinic, is an expert on the health risks associated with excess weight. He has spent fully three decades studying the risks overweight patients face and is considered a pioneer of correlating how body type – or where excess weight is carried – relates to the likelihood of developing various diseases. His research has led him to conclude that there is no question that one body type is especially at risk for life-threatening conditions.

Eyes on the Apples

Maybe you’ve heard the joke: “I am in shape. Round is a shape!” Laughter may be the best medicine in some cases, but the truth is that extra weight isn’t a laughing matter – especially if you carry the weight around your waist or in your belly.

“The bigger your waist in relation to your hips,” says Dr. Jensen, “the higher your risk. It’s not a subtle correlation at all.” Waist fat in particular is associated with all-around mortality, and this puts apples at higher risk for a host of serious illnesses, including:

 

  • Heart disease: Waist fat is three times more strongly associated with heart disease than BMI (Body Mass Index). Again, this means that where you carry weight matters.
  • Cancers: Apples also have a higher risk for developing many types of cancer. Colon cancer, breast cancer, and uterine cancer all are more likely to afflict apples than pears.
  • Diabetes: Insulin resistance is more common in those who carry weight around their middles, as well, so it’s not surprising that these individuals also have a higher risk of developing full-blown diabetes.

 

Peering at the Pears

Pear-shaped folks may hate their “thunder thighs” or the “love handles” on their hips, but the bottom line – no pun intended – is that they don’t face the same magnitude of risk as their apple-shaped peers. But that doesn’t mean they should breathe a sigh of relief and crack open a cold one to celebrate.

While pears are not as at-risk for weight-aggravated heart disease, cancers, and diabetes, anyone who is obese or overweight still bears more risk than those who are at an ideal weight.

Carrying extra weight in your hips, butt, and thighs automatically puts you at a higher risk for:

 

  • Varicose veins: Heredity is a factor where varicose veins are concerned, but carrying extra weight puts added pressure on the veins, which can cause the problems associated with varicose veins, such as aching legs and discoloration.
  • Degenerative knee and joint diseases: Excess weight means your knees and joints wear down more quickly. Remember, your knees bear the brunt of your body weight with every step you take, and every extra pound you carry equates to roughly three pounds of added pressure on your knees. So to your knees, 30 extra pounds will feel like 90.

 

Some studies suggest that you also may be more likely to suffer memory loss and cognitive disorders than those who put on weight in their waistline first.

What If Your Extra Weight Is Distributed Evenly?

If you’re a feminine hourglass or a masculine rectangle, you still can’t count on a clean bill of health.

“The truth is that total weight matters, “ cautions Dr. Jensen. “Excess weight is a health risk no matter where you carry it. I worry most about my apple-shaped patients, because they are at higher risk for the most life-threatening conditions. But the higher your weight, the more stress there is on your system, and the more likely you are to experience problems.”

Doctor’s Orders

The good news is that you have some control over how much extra weight you carry, and even where you are likely to carry it.

“For apples especially, it is urgent to pay attention to lifestyle and make changes.” Dr. Jensen points out that while heredity and gender both play some part in whether you will be an apple or a pear, there are lifestyle factors at play, too. Cigarette smoking and drinking alcohol both can lead to dangerous belly fat. Adopting a healthy lifestyle that eliminates these obvious risks can go a long way to safeguarding your health.

Finally, says Dr. Jensen, “The most important advice I can offer to anyone – overweight or not – is simple: Keep walking! Really, I can’t stress this enough. Being sedentary encourages that accumulation of belly fat.” Walking can help you to reach or to maintain a healthy weight, no matter what shape you may be in.

Source: What Your Body Type Can Reveal About Your Health

Loving Trashy Movies Probably Means You’re Smart, Says Science 

Can’t wait to see “Fifty Shades Darker?

Well, leave your judgy friends behind, grab the popcorn and indulge in all the trashy movies you want.

Seriously, it’s a sign of your brilliance.

In a study published this summer in the interdisciplinary arts and culture journal Poetics, researchers found that people with “bad” movie preferences tend to be, well, smart.

The study was conducted by film scholar Keyvan Sarkhosh of the Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics in Frankfurt, Germany, and relied on an online survey to collect data from 372 participants ― largely university students and people with a presence on Facebook and trash film-focused online forums. Their mean age was 34.6 years.

The survey asked participants to provide up to 20 words they spontaneously associated with the term “trash films,” and to describe the feelings these films elicited and how often and in what context they typically watched them. Participants were also asked to list up to 10 film titles that came to mind when they thought of “trash films.”

“There was no pre-selected list of trash-film titles,” Sarkhosh told The Huffington Post.

Participants described “trash films” as cheaply or poorly made films that feature embarrassing or disturbing content. In an unsurprising twist, “Sharknado (and its sequels) were among the films most often mentioned by trashy cinema intellects. Because, hello, Fin and April 4ever!

The study concluded that one’s enjoyment of trashy cinema indicates “a positive, transgressive deviance from the cinematic mainstream.” Trashy movie-lovers tend to watch such films ironically ― solely for humor or entertainment value. Nothing like a good hate-watch, right?

One of the study’s central findings was that participants appreciated trash films as well as art cinema.

“Items in the questionnaire were designed to uncover the relationship of trash-films to other modes of filmmaking and distribution like blockbuster films, Hollywood mainstream or art-house cinema,” Sarkhosh said. “We also asked for the general art, media and film genre preferences of our participants.”

“We are dealing here with an audience with above-average education, which one could describe as ‘cultural omnivores,’” he explained. “Such viewers are interested in a broad spectrum of art and media across the traditional boundaries of high and popular culture.”

In other words, finding a “cheap and worthless” film enjoyable is a sign of smarts.

If you’re wondering how educated the study participants were, here’s the breakdown Sarkhosh gave HuffPost:

  • 148 (43.3 percent) held a university degree
  • 110 (32.2 percent) had a higher education entrance qualification
  •  61 (17.8 percent) had a general certificate of secondary education
  •  15 (4.4 percent) had only completed mandatory basic secondary schooling
  •  4 (1.2 percent) had no educational diplomas
  •  4 (1.2 percent) reported having a degree which was not included in the list given.

The study deduced that 86 percent of the participants are regular trash film viewers, which Sarkhosh chalks up to “a sustained and deliberate hedonic habitude devoid of guilt feelings.”

So, if your typical weekend includes a low-budget horror movie marathon, a trip to see “La Traviata” and listening to Bjork’s new album, you might be a genius. Go forth with your “deliberate hedonic habitude devoid of guilt feelings” and be merry!

Anyone else feel good about their love of the movie “Glitter all of a sudden?

Source: Loving Trashy Movies Probably Means You’re Smart, Says Science 

How Your Morning Skincare Routine Should Change in Your 20s, 30s, and 40s

When it comes to skincare, there are two rules to remember: Persistence is key, and timing is everything. “I always say that at 20 years old you’ve got the skin you were born with, but at 50 you get the skin you deserve,” says New York City-based dermatologist Dendy Engelman, M.D. In other words, making a few smart tweaks at the right time can make a huge difference in how you age. Here, her game-changing strategy for a healthy, glowing complexion—now and forever.

You’ve likely established some basic skincare habits—cleanse, moisturize, repeat—but at this stage, the most important thing to do is preserve and protect. “If you start caring for your skin now, you’ll have less to worry about later on,” says Engelman. That means practicing sun safety (read: no more burns) and implementing these helpful tips.

Choose a skin-type-specific face wash.

Step one of any good skincare routine: proper cleansing. Washing with the wrong formula can actually make skin worse. If you have normal skin, pretty much any cleanser type—gel, mousse, oil, you name it—will work. If you’re dry or sensitive, steer clear of foaming formulas and anything with fragrances, which can be irritating. Try creamy options like balms and milks instead. If you have oily or acne-prone skin, look for cleansers with two percent glycolic or salicylic acid to keep oil and bacteria in check. For the best results, “work the formula in circular motions and let it sit on your skin for at least a minute before rinsing off,” says Engelman.

Add antioxidants.

“They’re the superheroes of skincare that fight free radicals, prevent collagen breakdown, and repair sun damage,” says Engelman, who recommends starting off with a potent but lightweight booster (something you apply before serum or moisturizer) like Elizabeth Arden SUPERSTART Skin Renewal Booster regardless of skin type. “It has flaxseed and sea fennel extracts to help strengthen the stratum corneum—the outermost layer of your skin—and enhance the skin’s natural ability to protect itself,” she says. Other top antioxidant choices include vitamin C, green tea, and pomegranate.

Apply (and re-apply) sunscreen every single day.

Slathering on a broad-spectrum SPF like Elizabeth Arden PREVAGE City Smart Broad Spectrum SPF 50 Hydrating Shield forms an invisible protective barrier to help prevent harmful toxins and pollution particles from penetrating skin, while its 100% mineral broad spectrum SPF 50 sunscreen (micronized zinc oxide and titanium dioxide) component filters out UVA and UVB rays. “But just applying it isn’t enough,” says Engelman. For all-day protection, you need to re-apply every few hours. You can make things easy by stashing it in your bag, and this version comes in a convenient tinted cream format (in a universal hue) perfect for on-the-go.

It’s also time to step things up in the anti-aging department, because those fine lines and wrinkles are creeping. To do that without making your skin freak out, follow this advice.

Swap your cleanser for toner.

“Specifically one that’s pH-balanced,” suggests Engelman. The reason? Skin gets drier as we age, and washing too often can over-strip it and mess with your moisture barrier. Besides, you’re not exposed to pollutants or dirt while you sleep, so “there’s really no need to cleanse in the morning if you were diligent about removing makeup and oil the night before,” she says. When you get up, pour a few drops of toner into your palms, rub them together, and gently press them into your forehead, cheeks, and chin. Lock in hydration by layering your serum on top while your skin’s still damp.

Exfoliate more.

By now, “it takes twice as long—40 days versus 20—for dead cells to slough off,” explains Engelman, which means skin looks less radiant and more blah. The best way to bring back that youthful glow? Use a chemical exfoliator with glycolic or lactic acid (no harsh scrubs please, they can actually trigger inflammation) two to three times a week to retexturize, lift pigmentation, and reduce fine lines. On these days, exfoliate first, then apply your toner and serum.

Start using an eye cream.

Real talk: By the time you hit 30, you’ll have lost about 10 percent of the skin-plumping collagen under your eyes. Factor in the cumulative effects of sun damage and squinting, and suddenly you’re dealing with the double whammy of dark circles and crow’s feet. To stop them in their tracks, take Engelman’s two-pronged approach: Invest in a killer pair of shades (not to hide anything, but to filter out UV rays) and an antioxidant-rich eye serum like Elizabeth Arden PREVAGE Anti-Aging Eye Serum. It has a cooling tip to instantly decrease inflammation, and helps with signs of aging and puffiness whilst brightening.

Stressing over your morning routine is most definitely bad for your skin.

Dryness and wrinkles are your biggest issues, so your overall strategy should be to boost moisture and repair damage. Do that by rinsing with a soothing cleansing water each morning, followed by these simple steps.

Invest in a multi-functional serum.

This is the decade where our past skin mistakes catch up to us and expose themselves in tons of heinous ways—from sun spots and fine lines to sagginess. While it may take in-office treatments to completely reverse all signs of damage, using a multi-tasking serum full of ingredients that work double duty can help a lot. Opt for a product that’s packed with a supercharged antioxidant like Idebenone, suggests Engelman, who usesElizabeth Arden PREVAGE Anti-Aging Daily Serum. It’s especially effective because it can defend against multiple free radicals at the same time, in addition to preventing fine lines and wrinkles.

Throw on an oil.

Face oils are the holy grail of youthful skin—they can soften fine lines, reduce irritation, boost hydration, and actually make whatever you put on top of them work even better. Press a few drops (that’s all it takes) onto dry areas post-serum.

Upgrade your moisturizer.

Your former go-to probably isn’t cutting it anymore. That’s because both oil production and estrogen levels take a nosedive in our 40s, making skin super dry and flaky. Switch to a skin-plumping cream with ceramides, which can “help replenish natural lipids and prevent water loss,” says Engelman. Her easy solutions for waking up more luminous and dewy? Slap on a hydrating overnight mask and get some solid beauty sleep.

Source: How Your Morning Skincare Routine Should Change in Your 20s, 30s, and 40s