All posts by e_magazine

You definitely should NOT say ‘108’ to Siri on Apple’s iPhone 

By; Oliver Cragg,

Via: You definitely should NOT say ‘108’ to Siri on Apple’s iPhone and here’s why

Dubai to get pilotless flying taxi service 

By Sophie Morlin-Yron

(CNN)Dubai has announced yet another pioneering initiative, but this time it’s not the world’s first rotating skyscraper or 3D printed office. It’s a fleet of flying taxis.

Small enough to fit into a car parking space when folded up, the one-seater passenger drones made by Chinese company Ehang are set to start picking up passengers in July this year, according to Dubai’s Road and Transport Authority (RTA).
The electrically powered driverless drones — named Ehang 184 — have already been seen hovering above the sand dunes near the city’s airfield during test flights.
“The 184 provides a viable solution to the many challenges the transportation industry faces in a safe and energy-efficient way,” said Ehang founder and CEO Huazhi Hu when the vehicle was unveiled during the 2016 CES gadget show in Las Vegas.
“The 184 is evocative of a future we’ve always dreamed of and is primed to alter the very fundamentals of the way we get around.”
The Dubai Road and Transport Authority have begun test flights

Self-driving transport strategy

While the exact details of the project’s logistics are yet to be revealed, Dubai’s RTA says the futuristic venture is part of a strategy to have self-driving vehicles (of all kinds) account for a quarter of journeys made in Dubai, by 2030.
“This project supports Dubai’s government’s direction to become the smartest city in the world,” HE Mattar Al Tayer, director general of RTA, said in an email to CNN.
He adds that the drones, which he refers to as Autonomous Aerial Vehicles (AAV), are an easy-to-use innovation that can transport up to 100 kilograms — enough for one person and a suitcase — on a pre-programmed route through the city.
“The passenger just needs to pick the destination through a smart screen [once inside the vehicle] and the AAV takes care of the rest.”

Monitored by ground control

Powered by eight propellers, Ehang says the 184 (which stands for one person, eight propellers, four arms) will cruise at around 100 kilometers per hour.
The routes will be programmed by a ground control center through an encrypted 4G network which will monitor the flight.
Awesome as it might sound to sit back and take in the view as the rest of Dubai is stuck in traffic jams, there are some limitations to the technology.

With a 30-minute maximum battery time, it won’t take you very far.
And then there are the usual concerns about drones in busy airspaces and the safety of driverless vehicles.
But like it or not, automated passenger drones will become a reality, says Captain Ross Aimer, CEO of US-based Aero Consulting Experts..
“It’s the future,” he told CNN. “We have the technology and it can be done. It’s time.”
“The passenger drone is really just one step up from the delivery drones we’ve seen perforating the skies in recent years,”

‘What if?’

A pilot himself, Aimer is watching the venture with great interest and has identified both pros and cons with the driverless technology.
Among the caveats is the question of what happens if ground control loses the connection to the drone, he says.
CNN speaks to Ehang’s CEO at the CES gadget show in Las Vegas in 201602:57
“That’s most people’s concern with any pilotless aircraft,” says Aimer. “We have the technology to send a signal to that aircraft and control it and communicate with it, but what happens if that technology is interrupted for some reason?
According to Ehang, in the event of any problems the drone will immediately land at the nearest safe spot. But that may not be enough to reassure everyone.
As Aimer puts it — “My question is: who’s gonna be the man or woman crazy enough to be the first passenger?”

Via: Dubai to get pilotless flying taxi service 

Katy Perry opens up about her sexuality, ‘I was curious’

By; JOI-MARIE MCKENZIE,

Moves That Make You Feel 10 Years Younger

  • Chin Tuck/Upper Trap Stretch/Shoulder Circles
    Adam Bell
    What it does:This sequence releases tightness in the back of your neck, your shoulders, and the muscles that connect your shoulders to the base of your skull. Not only do these areas get tighter with age, but sitting all day (especially when you’re slumped forward) speeds up that process, says Mary Ann Wilmarth, a certified physical therapist and a spokesperson for the American Physical Therapy Association.

    How to do it: While you’re sitting in a chair with good posture (shoulders back and down), slide your head back like you’re trying to give yourself a double chin. Keep your head there, hold onto the side of the chair with your right hand and tilt your head toward your left shoulder. You should feel a stretch in the right side of your neck. Hold for 10 seconds, then switch sides. Finally, with your chin still tucked, do 5 to 10 backwards shoulder circles. Repeat the sequence 3 to 5 times throughout the day.

  • Cat & Cow/Child’s Pose/Bird Dog/Plank
    Adam Bell
    What it does: Stretches out your lower back and strengthens the muscles in your back and core, which get weaker as we get older. Stronger, more-flexible back muscles will help you maintain better posture, says Wilmarth, “which immediately helps you feel younger.”

    How to do it: Start in a tabletop position on the ground and squeeze your abs to round your back up toward the sky. Hold for a second, then let gravity pull your stomach toward the floor so your back is arched. Repeat that 5 to 10 times, then sink back into child’s pose, keeping your arms outstretched on the ground in front of you and trying to get your forehead and stomach to touch the ground. Hold for 15 seconds. Rise back up into tabletop position and lift your right arm out in front of you and your left leg behind you at the same time, hold for 5 seconds, then switch arms and legs and repeat for a total of 10 reps. Finally, get into a forearm plank position, keeping a straight line from your shoulders to your feet, and hold for 30 seconds.

  • Hip Flexor/Hamstring/Glute Stretches
    Adam Bell
    What it does:Focuses on tightness in your hip flexors, your hamstrings and your glutes, which all get tighter and weaker with time (especially if you spend a lot of that time sitting).

    How to do it:Find a table that’s about hip height (if that’s too high for you, it’s fine to use a lower surface, like a chair, at first). Place your right foot on top of it and, keeping your left foot on the ground and left leg straight, bend your right knee and lean in toward your right knee, keeping your back straight as you do it. You should feel a stretch in the front of your left hip. Hold for 10 seconds, then switch sides. Next, grab a chair and place your right foot on the seat. Flex your right foot, keep both legs straight and stick your butt out behind you as you hinge forward from the hip and keep your back straight, folding your torso over your right leg until you feel a stretch in your right hamstring. Hold for 10 seconds, then switch legs. Finally, sit on the chair and place your right ankle just above your left knee, with your left foot still on the ground. Let your right knee drop toward the ground, feeling the stretch in your right glute. (You can gently press on your right knee with your hand to deepen the stretch). Hold for 10 seconds, then switch legs.

  • Glute Bridge
    Adam Bell
    What it does:Some of the most noticeable age-related declines in strength happen in the muscles that propel us forward, like the glutes, says Kyle Stull, senior master trainer and faculty instructor for the National Academy of Sports Medicine. In addition to building strength in the glutes, this move also works your core muscles, so you can maintain good posture and balance.

    How to do it: Lie on the ground, hands at your sides, feet on the ground and knees bent at 90-degree angles. Squeeze your core and your glutes to lift your hips toward the ceiling. Try to get them high enough so there’s a straight line from your chest to your knees. Hold for 5 seconds, bring your hips back to the floor (still squeezing your core and glutes), and repeat for 12 reps, then do two more sets.

  • Standing Wall Slide
    Adam Bell
    What it does:This works on strength and flexibility in your shoulder muscles.

    How to do it:Stand against a wall, with your glutes and the back of your head touching the wall. Keep your arms at your sides as you press the back of your hands and arms against the wall. Maintain that pressure as you slide your arms out wide and up over your head. Bring your arms back down, and repeat for 12 reps, then do two more sets.

  • Squat to Triple Extension
    Adam Bell
    What it does:Works your quads, glutes and calves, the muscles that help you slow down. “Being unable to decelerate is one of the top causes of injury as we age,” says Skull.

    How to do it:Stand with your feet hip width apart and toes pointing forward. Lower down 1/3 or 1/4 of the way into a squat, then drive up out of the squat and up onto your toes, like you’re doing a calf raise. Instead of holding at the top, immediately drop back down into your squat, hold it for a few seconds, then repeat, for 8 to 10 reps total.

  • Squat and Row
    Adam Bell
    What it does: It strengths the glutes/quads/hamstrings and all of the muscles in your back.

    How to do it:Grab the handles of a cable machine, with the cables attached at the bottom of the machine, and step back a few feet. (If you don’t have access to a cable machine at your gym, you can secure a resistance band around the base of a sturdy piece of furniture at home.) Stand with your feet hip width apart and your toes pointed straight ahead. Extend your arms out in front of you (there should be no slack in the cable or resistance band), shift your hips back and lower down into a half-squat. Press through your heels to come back to standing as you pull the cables toward your rib cage. Do up to 3 sets of 12 reps.

  • Standing Row
    Adam Bell
    What it does:Focuses on your back again, and here’s why: Those muscles are some of the first to lose strength with age, says Stull, and the more back-focused moves you do, the more you’ll be able to prevent or counteract that decline.

    How to do it:Using a cable machine with the cables attached at shoulder height (again, if you don’t have a cable machine handy, secure a resistance band around some sturdy furniture), face the machine, hold the cable handles and step back a few feet, keeping your feet wider than hip width apart. Squeeze your abs and pull the bands by bringing your shoulder blades together, then pulling with your arms. Return to starting position. Do up to 3 sets of 12 reps.

Via: 8 Moves That Make You Feel 10 Years Younger 

Mango Is Launching A 45-Piece Sustainable Collection 

Mango is following in the footsteps of fast-fashion competitors like H&M and Zara by making moves on the eco-friendly and ethical production front. This spring, the Spanish retailer is launching Mango Committed, a 45-piece sustainable collection made up of 25 women’s and 20 men’s styles.
The brand worked with manufacturers in Morocco, Portugal, and Turkey to create a capsule collection using ethically-sourced fabrics, such as organic cotton, recycled polyester, and Tencel. This move is part of Mango’s larger Take Action initiative, a long-term plan to implement a new business model based on sustainability and more environmentally-friendly processes that the retailer launched last year. (On top of the new line, it’s currently developing a tool to measure and reduce the company’s water footprint.) In 2015, Mango also introduced an in-store recycling program in partnership with Koopera, a Spanish organization.
The capsule features relaxed suits, structured sleeves, and sweatsuits — minimalist shapes rendered in earthy tones. The collection is expected to drop in stores and online on March 1.
This represents an important shift in how fast-fashion addresses issues in sourcing and manufacturing. Still, it’s coming from a company that, in the last year and a half, announced it would be lowering its prices, on top of releasing clothing faster and more frequently — two moves that raise questions as to how a retailer can truly implement such strategies ethically and sustainably.
Now that more major players are catching up, let’s hope that these capsules evolve into full-fledged business practices and, in turn, help take some uncertainty out of the production ethics of these fast fashion retailers.

Via: Mango Is Launching A 45-Piece Sustainable Collection

San Diego Debuts Mouth Swabs To Detect Drivers High On Pot 

A major concern of police about state laws legalizing marijuana has been how to detect when motorists may be driving under the influence of pot — or other drugs. Now, San Diego police are joining a growing number of cities relying on mouth swabs for chemical tests to detect drivers who are on drugs.

The swabs and two portable testing machines hit the field Friday night in San Diego, reported CBS-8 TV. It’s the second city in the state after Los Angeles to use the new detection method.

The machines test for the presence of marijuana and six other drugs: cocaine, methamphetamine, amphetamine, methadone, opiates and benzodiazepines. The level of intoxication, however, is not determined in the tests.

Law enforcement officials believe the number of impaired drivers are bound to increase with California’s legalization of marijuana. A study by the state’s Office of Traffic Safety found that 38 percent of drivers killed in car crashes in California in 2014 tested positive for drugs, legal or illegal. That was up 6 percent from the previous year.

San Diego began using the Dräger 5000 test after officials met with authorities in Colorado, which legalized marijuana for recreational use in 2014, the San Diego Tribune reported.

Canadian authorities began using similar testing swabs and machines from a different company in a pilot program in late 2016 in the city of YellowKnife, the capital of the country’s Northwest Territories.

“The goal of any of these initiatives is to save people’s lives,” said Royal Canadian Mounted Police Corporal Todd Scaplen. “And if we have further tools to be able to do that, I think it’s very important.”

Swabs with portable testing kits are also being used in New York, Arizona and Nevada, among several other states, as well as in Germany and Belgium, and Australia, notes the Tribune. Other strategies, including breathalyzers that test for drugs and apps to help police measure impairment are also on the market.

San Diego police will first observe a driver to make an initial determination about possible impairment. The motorist may then be asked to run a swab inside his or her mouth for as long as four minutes, then the swab is tested in the portable machine and results are available in up to eight minutes. For pot, the machine only tests for the active THC compound that causes a high, which usually stays in the body for a few hours. A driver can refuse the test, but then an officer can order a blood test.

The next problem states face is determining the level at which drugs in a person’s system could result in dangerous driving. Once defined, levels can only be determined with a blood test.

Via: San Diego Debuts Mouth Swabs To Detect Drivers High On Pot 

High-Paying Job Listings Are Written To Attract Men, Study Finds 

MUCELLA VIA GETTY IMAGES

Would you consider yourself a driven, experienced leader eager to get your hands dirty?

Then you’re likely a man.

Job listings that include words and phrases like “get your hands dirty” and “driven” are more likely to attract male applicants, according to data analysis done by a machine-learning startup called Textio.

And these characteristically masculine terms are used even more frequently in postings for higher-paying positions, according to new data from the company, which studies millions of real job listings and related information to find patterns and trends that help companies hire more efficiently ― and without bias.

The findings add another layer of explanation for the lack of women at the top in the business world.

“It is not super surprising that the listings skew more male, when you look at composition of executive teams,” Kieran Snyder, Textio’s CEO and cofounder told The Huffington Post. Majority-male executives are probably driving the job requirements for these roles and using characteristic language.

Textio keeps a database of nearly 100 million real-world job listings, updated constantly. The two-and-a-half-year-old startup also gets information from clients (including CVS, Johnson & Johnson and Cisco) on how long it takes to fill a job, as well as who was hired ― their age, gender, ethnicity, etc. Data is in the aggregate so no personally identifiable information is shared.

You’d think that some jobs just naturally attract more women than men ― for example, guys are just are more interested in leadership roles ― but Textio has found that the language in the job post itself is also important.

And they’ve tested this theory at a few big companies. Travel company Expedia, for example, rejiggered a job posting for an engineering role to include more feminine toned language and they hired more women, Snyder said. The original job post had skewed male. The company saw similar results with jobs posted by Johnson & Johnson.

Other social science research has turned up words and phrases more likely to appeal to women than men. And another startup called Unitive is also a software program that helps analyze job listings for bias.

Textio claims to take the research further. By looking at real data, the company was able to turn up some language that isn’t on anyone’s list of gendered words. These include exhaustive, enforcement and fearless (masculine) and transparent, catalyst, and in touch with (feminine). The company has venture backing from a few well-known Silicon Valley investors.

For this recent report, the company looked at global job data, comparing listings for lower-level roles with those for executive roles ― including titles with “chief” in them like CEO, COO, CTO, CFO, those with “president,” like vice president and senior vice president, as well as director-level jobs.

In only two countries were executive job listings written with a more feminine slant: Australia and Ireland.

TEXTIO
Around the globe, job listings for high-paying roles skew masculine — except in two countries.

The company provided examples of male-biased and female-biased executive jobs.

Here’s a real female-slanted posting for a chief technology officer at a company, with its name changed to Acme.

TEXTIO

 

And here’s a CTO job-listing that skews male:

 

TEXTIO

Despite the fact that women now make up nearly half of the labor market, and have for a while, they’re still conspicuously absent from the top of the org chart. Only 5 percent of Fortune 500 CEOs are women. And around the world, women hold only 24 percent of senior roles, according to a 2016 study.

In one sense, the reason for the imbalance is simple and boils down to sexism. Women were long dismissed as serious workers or leaders and explicitly not welcome at the top of the corporate ladder.

Yet, in 2017, overt prejudice is less likely the driving factor for gender imbalances. Instead, there are more practical obstacles, like a lack of paid leave or the pressure on women to take on the primary responsibility for care taking at home and put their careers on ice. And a variety of implicit biases that play out at work that are harder to see and fight.

As this data show: Some of that implicit bias starts before you even land the job.

Via: High-Paying Job Listings Are Written To Attract Men, Study Finds